How 3D Printing is Changing Construction
By Justin Porter and Tiffany Avila, BNBuilders
Without question 3D printing is revolutionizing the way new products are designed and manufactured. It’s rapidly permeating many industries – even appearing now on shelves at The Home Depot.
But 3D printing isn’t just for the land of design and manufacturing. It will soon be an important role throughout construction phases. At BNBuilders, 3D printing is making a profound impact on both our prototyping and communication with collaborators and clients. We readily admit that the construction industry can be slow in the uptick of new technologies.
With 3D printing we shouldn’t wait and here are several reasons why…
Rapid Prototyping – Even for Complex Building Elements – at 1/10 the Normal Cost
During a recent project here at BNBuilders, the architect was working through the design on an ornamental stone staircase for a city project. The last element to consider was the profile for the staircase handrail itself. The challenge? It needed to be aesthetically pleasing and comfortable to the touch, as well as ADA compliant.
Two different handrail design options and only three days until a final design review presentation for city officials presented the opportunity to utilize our 3D printer in a pinch. The architect had already finalized the profile for the balustrade, so we used Autodesk Inventor to design a custom tongue and groove connection between the single balustrade and the two handrail options. This connection allowed each of the options to be slid in and out as needed during the design review. This not only saved a lot of time, but also reduced the amount of material needed to produce these mock-ups. Within two days, we were able to deliver the full-scale section of balustrade and interchangeable handrail profiles for review.
From Prototyping to Prefab
When faced with an unusual waterproofing condition, we also turned to 3D printing. Using Inventor, we developed a custom, prefabricated “boot” (in this case, a soil-nail tie-back head) that would increase installation productivity by reducing the amount of time spent installing individual patches and provide a more dependable end product for the owner. When working with the waterproofing consultants and product manufacturer, we could now provide a 3D-printed physical example of the boot prototype, allowing everyone to instantly visualize and understand the concept and immediately provide input.
Renderings and 3D prints of the boot prototype, as well as the final fabricated boot being installed at the construction site
Solving Complex Assembly Problems
In one of our latest projects, we had a complex structural glass connection that was slated to have utilities pass through it. Starting with 2D AutoCAD drawings from the design team, we created 2D Sketches in Inventor and extruded all of the parts of the assembly to produce a model. Once modeled, it was evident that the structural connection would need to be modified to allow the utilities to pass through it.
To share this information with the designers, we 3D printed a one-quarter scale mockup of the connection. The 3D print helped the entire team visualize the issue at hand and, more importantly, helped them strategize how the design could be modified to allow the utilities to pass through. The Inventor model, along with the 3D-printed assembly, also helped the team plan the installation sequence, which proved beneficial for deciding which elements could be pre-assembled in the factory.
Say Goodbye to Fragile Conceptual Models
Architects have long employed scale models of their designs to communicate with clients. Traditionally, ,balsa wood and toothpicks. While often beautiful, these scale this process has involved a great deal of cork models tend to have a precious quality to them, due to the time spent by skilled craftsmen and the delicate nature of their construction. The models are increasingly becoming ill-suited due to the disposable nature of conceptual design, where forms must be quickly explored and discarded in favor of further design iterations.
The use of 3D printing has allowed us to be an active participant with our design partners in design-build pursuits. 3D printing doesn’t deliver a model instantly, and still requires a couple days depending on the size. However, it’s much faster than hand-building models. And, more importantly, the resulting models in plastic, are perfect for tossing around on a table and moving around on a site plan in different configurations.
Not Just a Movement, It’s Here to Change Everything
3D printing is one of the hottest and most interesting advancements today, and will continue to be a preferred tool for progressive minds in many industries. Here at BNBuilders we are finding new ways for 3D printing to help our company and work become more efficient every day. With the ROI we have already seen, we expect to see many more constituents picking up a 3D printer soon.
Justin Porter is a Virtual Design and Construction Manager at BNBuilders in San Francisco. With a background in architectural engineering and a passion for technology, Justin continues to push the boundaries of the digital tools currently available to the AEC industry.
Tiffany Avila is Director of Corporate Marketing & Communications at BNBuilders. Tiffany leads the firm’s overall marketing strategic vision and branding with a primary focus on growing BNBuilders impact as a West Coast builder.